Steel vs Aluminum: Challenges in Automotive Industry

steel vs aluminum

An existing trade-off between cost-efficiency and weight reduction in automobiles pushed more advancements in making high strength class of steel.

Steel plays a very comprehensive role in the automotive industry. Steel has almost made up 65% of an automobile truck – from its exteriors to its interiors. With such an astounding number of demands coming from automotive industries, the production of steel remains on its high peak. The standards set in these large industries for top quality, strength, and cost effectiveness pave way for more advancements in steel crafting.

Steel Consumption

The automotive industry is one of the major consumers of steel and up until now, the demand for steels is continuing to rise. This has marked a challenge for metallurgists and metal manufacturers to boost the production of steel to support the rigid requirements coming from large automotive industries.

Steel has been quite a material of choice for almost all types of manufacturing applications – may it be for car parts, turbine engines, chemical plants, hydraulic motors, etc. But concerns pertaining to energy efficiency and environmental friendliness, critical factors are always put into consideration. In vehicles we have today, fuel efficiency and automobile emissions are most sought and targeted. Thus, weight reduction among automobiles is taken into rigid concentration by automakers. This has pushed more challenge to incorporate more ideas on how to come up with cars that are light and eco-friendly.

Steels in Racing Vehicles

There are such kinds of metals and steels used specifically in racing vehicles. As for speed and low density, titanium is best recommended because of its light weight and high strength mechanical properties.

Challenges in Using Steel

Upon the manufacturing of automotive parts and components, there are rigid areas that are put into critical consideration. As for automobile manufacturers, one of the most pressing areas in manufacturing is the compliance and adherence to the changing regulations in the automotive sector. This involves matters about environment friendliness, fuel efficiency, and emissions reduction.

With such target, automobile manufacturers sought to make cars lighter to lessen carbon dioxide consumption per hour. This has opened though, a great conflict in steel consumption since metals like aluminum and titanium are best when it comes to light weight and high strength. One of the biggest car brands that has applied this strategy is the Ford’s with their model F-150 pickup truck. This has corresponded to an increased percentage in the contribution of aluminum to automotive manufacturing industries.

Given with good mechanical properties such as high strength and low density, the chances of aluminum leading all metals in the record are likely to increase. However, aluminum is much more expensive than steel. Steels, on the other hand are preferred by some because it’s low cost. Opting for weight reduction but which much less cost spent is preferred by the automotive manufacturers. A goal which has stimulated ideas for innovations in coming up with highly advanced high strength class of steels.

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