Humans have been looking for new ways to produce, refine, and use round ground metals since the early Bronze Age. Thousands of different sorts of round ground metals, as well as grades, offer various uses and applications that are simply limited by human imagination.
Round ground metals have aided the progress and development of not only our society but civilization overall, as they are the cornerstone of many businesses and the origin of Industrialization. Every day, we are surrounded by a minimum of 80 distinct types of round ground metals, from infrastructure to everyday appliances.
Types of Ground Metal
The six metals listed below are the most commonly used around the world.
We’ve looked at the advantages and disadvantages of these metals, as well as their potential uses.
Carbon Steel Round ground metals
It’s a steel alloy composed primarily of carbon and iron, with minor amounts of other metals. Depending on the proportion of carbon in the alloy, it is typically divided into three groups: high, medium, and low carbon steel. Carbon steel round rod contains a higher carbon content than other forms of steel when compared to iron. The most popular yet cost-effective type is a low carbon steel round rod. It has a carbon content of 0.05–0.320 percent.
The greater carbon content gives it more overall strength and makes it ductile and malleable. Medium carbon steel round rod has a carbon content of 0.30% to 0.59% and combines ductility, toughness, and wear resistance.
High-carbon steel round rod contains carbon content of 0.6% to 0.99% and is extremely strong. Ultra-high carbon steel has a carbon content of 1.0% to 2.0%, and it could be treated to a higher strength.
Low carbon has a yield-point runout. The tensile strength of mild steel is fairly low. Uses Medium carbon can be used in the manufacture of large parts, forgings, and automobile parts. High-strength cables and springs are made of high carbon. Knives, axles, and punches are some of the applications of ultra-high carbon steel.
Aluminium Round ground metals
It’s the most prevalent nonferrous metal on the planet and is noted for its ductility and potential to make alloys with practically any other metal.
Aluminium round bar stock has the advantages of being a comparatively soft, robust, lightweight, malleable, and ductile metal. It is a good electrical and thermal conductor, as well as a corrosion-resistant metal. It’s fully recyclable without losing any of its inherent properties, and it’s also very harmless.
Aluminium round bar stock is not robust, and it is more expensive than steel alloys of equal strength. Uses Aluminium round bar stock is most often alloyed to enhance its properties. It is widely used in the construction, packaging, and transportation industries. It has a wide range of uses, from containers to home appliances to airplanes.
Bronze Round ground metals
It is an alloy composed of tin and copper with minor amounts of other metals like aluminum, silicon, phosphorus, and manganese.
It’s a hard metal that does not bend or shatter and is proven to withstand fatigue. It outperforms most steels in terms of corrosion resistance as well as solid electrical and thermal conductivity.
Bronze is weaker, softer, and much more costly than steel. Uses Bronze is commonly used in springs, bushings, pilot bearings, and is very common in small electrical motor bearings. It can also be used for the production of church bells, electrical connectors, reflectors, and ship parts.
Nickel Round ground metals
Nickel is among the world’s most commonly utilized metals. It is classified as a transition metal and is valued as it produces various alloys, with nickel-steels accounting for nearly 60% of global production.
It is robust, ductile, and corrosion-resistant due to its slow rate of oxidation at normal temperatures. Nickel increases corrosion resistance under certain conditions and improves the ductility of stainless steel bar stock. At room temperature, it behaves magnetically and has a high melting point. The presence of nickel allows stainless steel bar stock to become a useful alloy.
Handling nickel may cause dermatitis symptoms in people who are allergic to nickel. High nickel presence in the air can lead to a variety of health problems. Uses Stainless steel bar stock, alnico magnets, rechargeable batteries, coins, strings of electrical guitar, microphone capsules, and other specific alloys are all made with it. It’s also utilized as the green tint on glass and for plating.
Zinc Round ground metals
Zinc has the most machinability among all the grades of austenitic stainless steel. It is machinable as sulfur is present in the composition of the stainless steel 303 round bar. Sulfur enhances machining while reducing corrosion resistance and toughness slightly. Stainless steel 303 round bar has lower corrosion resistance than 304. Stainless steel 303 round bar is available from Advance Grinding.
From 212 to 302 ℉, zinc is malleable and ductile, making it comparatively easy to deal with. It is noted for its strong corrosion resistance and ease of maintenance, as well as being a good thermal and electrical conductor. It has a high durability of almost 50 -100 years. Zinc is eco-friendly since it is 100% recyclable.
In comparison to aluminum and steel, it is much more costly. Zinc in its purest form cannot withstand air, therefore it tarnishes extremely quickly. It’s a weaker metal with a tensile strength of less than 50% of that of medium carbon steel. Uses Zinc has been used for coating and protecting other metals and to prevent galvanized steel from rusting. It’s also useful in the industrial, medical, and marine fields, as well as the hardware, electronics, and transportation industries.
Titanium Round ground metals
It is a silver-colored transition metal with a glossy sheen. It is the 9th most prevalent element, accounting for 0.63 percent by mass, and the 7th most common metal found in Earth’s crust.
Titanium has the best specific strength ratio among any metal and is highly resistant to corrosion. It’s equally strong as some steels; however, less dense when unalloyed. It’s valuable as a refractory metal because of its comparatively high melting point. It also has low thermal and electrical conductivity and is paramagnetic.
Extracting titanium from its numerous ores is expensive and time-consuming. The casting of titanium alloys is also expensive. Uses Titanium can be alloyed with a variety of metals, including iron, vanadium, molybdenum, and aluminum, to create lightweight, strong alloys. Golf clubs, bicycles, crutches, and laptops are all examples of where they’re used. These are also employed in a variety of industries, including aerospace, military, manufacturing sectors, automotive, medical, sporting, and agri-food.
If you’re looking to buy metals, you’ve come to the right place. Advance Grinding offers a range of materials such as aluminum round bar stock, carbon steel round bar, and stainless steel bar stock that could be used in your upcoming project.
Call us today or request a quote, and our expert team will gladly assist you in choosing the right type of metal.