Less mass means more speed, which means better performance! This is why titanium has such a stellar track record of meeting demands in the market and in the automotive industry – especially in motorcycle racing.
A vehicle will go faster and burn less fuel the lighter it is. True! As many constructors and car designers aimed to build high-end race cars and race bikes, they opted to use titanium alloys that are best applied in automotive parts and fasteners. This is because titanium is much stronger and weighs 40% less than steel.
From Formula 1 racing to motocross, any kind of race requires a tremendous use of steel to ensure excellent performance. You might wonder how motocross racers perform death-defying stunts over rugged terrain with their flawless bikes – considering that these bikes might weigh tons of steel. You may wonder why these motorbikes seem weightless in the air. But what makes this possible?
With its nature of high speeds and big jumps, motocross race bikes require great suspension in order to manifest incredible stunts and tricks. Thus, common accessories found in ordinary bikes like electric starters, lights, kickstands, and speedometers are often overlooked in the overall composition or are generally composed of titanium and other participating alloys that are low in weight and density. Titanium has begun to challenge the debate in the automotive industry of steel vs. aluminum.
Formulas behind Automotive and Racing Innovations
Race cars and motorbikes use a great deal of titanium or similar alloys for their extreme strength, lightweight composition, and corrosion resistance. These alloys are often used for cylinder blocks and crankcases.
Race trucks and bikes are subject to major tests in endurance and sprint in the speedway. Titanium is considered the top choice of manufacturers since it is impervious to rust and corrosion, lightweight, and incredibly sturdy. It is now commonly considered the most frequently used alloy in the automotive industry.
Weight production is highly critical when it comes to maintaining rigidity and high strength – a very important factor in racing motorbikes. To name a few of its major applications, titanium is used in engine parts like wrist pins, connecting rods, valve retainers and springs, valves, camshafts, and rocker arms. The great advantage of titanium alloys in the case of these essential parts lies in how they lend themselves to the fabrication and welding process – since titanium is strong, lightweight, durable, and highly resistant to heat and corrosion.
For that reason, titanium alloys are some of the highest priced materials for manufacturing and construction, but manufacturers and constructors who aim to design high end motorcycles and race bikes will see that the results outweigh the cost in the form of better performance and longer life.
As of now, the development of an all-titanium exhaust system has begun to be implemented for the purpose of reducing weight and increasing longevity. The application of titanium is also continuously evaluated and checked to improve efficiency and suspension springs so as to increase the interior space.
One good thing about centerless grinding is that it involves high-precision grinders that are capable of handling parts with unusual and inaccurate geometries. Thus, it can adapt to almost all kinds of materials, whether they are simple or complex shapes.
The Basics of Aluminum Alloy
Aluminum is the most abundant metal in Earth’s crust after silicon and oxygen. It has a silvery-white appearance and contains a lot of valuable mechanical properties. It possesses 60% of the electrical conductivity of copper, with much lower density, making it a lightweight material perfect for aircraft and aerospace construction.
Pure aluminum is soft and ductile, but it can be strengthened when it is alloyed with other elements like magnesium, copper, and silicon. Such alloys possess better corrosion resisting properties, with a protective oxide coating that is achieved and enhanced through the process of anodization. Their lightweight and non-toxic mechanical properties enable them to be easily machined and cast. One good thing about aluminum is that it is recyclable, which can save considerable amounts of energy. They only need to undergo a melting process in order for them to be reused.
Aluminum alloys have low density, therefore, they are lightweight which is one of the key factors to consider in constructing an aircraft and its vital parts. Other important properties they possess are malleability, high strength, easy machining, good electrical and thermal conductivity, and excellent corrosion resistance.
Aluminum in the Aviation Industry
80 percent of commercial transport aircraft frames are made up of aluminum. This alloy is the top choice for the construction of aircraft and parts like wings and fuselage. Most navy aircraft are mainly made of fabricated aluminum. The focus on aluminum casting technology is continuing to earn recognition with its countless advantages in forming complex parts for aircraft structure. With a low manufacturing cost, Aluminum Alloy is the top choice for incorporating innovative and complicated design concepts in the aviation industry.
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